Award

Sharpee sees many ways of looking at a tree

She’s won the 2022 Delano Award for Computational Biosciences
Laurel Oldach
Dec. 8, 2021

You might not think a book called “Einstein Gravity in a Nutshell” would offer much insight into how the brain works. Tatyana Sharpee would disagree.

Sharpee-Tatyana-445x385.jpg
Tatyana Sharpee

“For many years, this was my Saturday reading,” Sharpee said, smiling, after she pulled the book from her home office bookshelf during an interview. Nothing but the title suggests a nutshell-sized quantity of information; the tome is several inches thick and almost 900 pages long.

In a letter nominating Sharpee for the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology’s 2022 Delano Award for Computational Biosciences, fellow Salk professor Tony Hunter describes her studies as developing “a cohesive description of how biological systems strive for efficiency in information transmission at both local and network-wide scales.” A second letter from Duke neuroscientist Nicolas Brunel called her “one of the leading computational neuroscientists of her generation.”

Computational neuroscience is a fair distance from where Sharpee started. “I grew up wanting to be a physicist — that was the only option,” she said.

Her parents in Ukraine both were physicists, and her grandparents were mathematicians. She earned a Ph.D. in theoretical physics at Michigan State University before beginning a postdoc in computational neuroscience.

“The transition from physics to biology was not an easy one,” she said — not because the subject was more challenging but because stepping away from her lifelong intention to be a physicist provoked self-doubt and what she called “some kind of existential crisis.”

These days, however, she sees the switch as an opportunity to bring lessons learned in physics into a new field. “I think that’s the wonderful part about science; that you can start in one area, and then diffuse to other disciplines.”

Sharpee also derives insight from working with colleagues, whose diverse perspectives she values. “Because each one of us has a different trajectory in science, our approaches to the same problem will be different,” Sharpee said. “I hear, for example, that if you ask two photographers to photograph the same tree, the two photographs will come out very different. The same thing with scientists.”

Applying geometry to biology

Tatyana Sharpee, a professor at the Salk Institute who trained as a physicist before transitioning into computational neurosciences, uses many concepts drawn from physics and mathematics to explain biological phenomena.

One area she has found fruitful is applying hyperbolic geometry to biological questions. Hyperbolic geometry rests on parameters far removed from the Euclidean geometry most of us learn in high school. For starters, whereas in Euclidean geometry just one straight line can pass through any given point without crossing a second straight line, in hyperbolic space, infinitely many can do so.

Sharpee applies this conceptual framework to biological problems that involve compressing multidimensional information into relatively fewer dimensions — such as neural encoding of sensory input or visualizing the relationship between a disease and transcription of thousands of genes.

Receiving the DeLano award is gratifying, Sharpee said, in part because it recognizes her more recent forays from computational neuroscience into cellular and molecular biology questions.

Enjoy reading ASBMB Today?

Become a member to receive the print edition monthly and the digital edition weekly.

Learn more
Laurel Oldach

Laurel Oldach is a former science writer for the ASBMB.

Get the latest from ASBMB Today

Enter your email address, and we’ll send you a weekly email with recent articles, interviews and more.

Latest in People

People highlights or most popular articles

Meet the 2024 ASBMB Advocacy Training Program delegates
Training

Meet the 2024 ASBMB Advocacy Training Program delegates

June 13, 2024

The program's sixth cohort will learn how to advocate for science funding and support this summer and will visit Capitol Hill in 2025.

Honors for DeBose–Boyd, Michel and Nelson
Member News

Honors for DeBose–Boyd, Michel and Nelson

June 10, 2024

Awards, promotions, milestones and more. Find out what's going on in the lives of ASBMB members.

In memoriam: Bacon Ke
In Memoriam

In memoriam: Bacon Ke

June 10, 2024

He was a physical chemist and pioneer in the field of photochemistry of photosynthesis and had been an ASBMB member since 1968.

MOSAIC scholar navigates a nontraditional path
Profile

MOSAIC scholar navigates a nontraditional path

June 5, 2024

After two Army deployments to Iraq, Renato Navarro aspired to be a physician before a chance encounter on a university campus led him to study biomaterials.

2024 PROLAB awardees announced
Award

2024 PROLAB awardees announced

June 3, 2024

10 early-career scientists receive grants to advance their research by working in North American labs.

In memoriam: Henry Michael Miziorko
In Memoriam

In memoriam: Henry Michael Miziorko

June 3, 2024

His research at the University of Missouri–Kansas City focused on the biochemical and structural basis of enzyme function, particularly in the mevalonate pathway.