BMB in Africa

‘Science is everything’

Inayah Entzminger
July 19, 2022

Olaposi Idowu Omotuyi has traveled the world for his education, and he believes in bringing the knowledge he’s gained back to his home country. His focus, for now, is on metabolic and infectious diseases with a special interest in developing plant-based antivirals.

Olaposi Idowu Omotuyi studied biochemistry in Germany and Japan before returning to Nigeria to teach and do research.
Olaposi Omotuyi
Olaposi Idowu Omotuyi studied biochemistry in Germany and Japan before returning
to Nigeria to teach and do research.

Born in Ekiti State, Nigeria, Omotuyi was interested in science from a young age. One of his neighbors was a professor whose children were in training for medical lab science. They discussed their work with Omotuyi, kick-starting his fascination with how the world worked.

“In Africa, everything was voodoo until you understood what exactly what was going on,” he said. “That somebody could sit down and explain to me how the cells work, how tissues work, how organs interconnect into systems — that was fascinating.”

After completing his doctorate in biochemistry from the University of Berlin, Omotuyi applied for a Japanese government Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology scholarship in 2009. Through the program, scientists from all over the world conduct research in Japan. After several stages of interviews, Omotuyi was one of five applicants chosen for a position at Nagasaki University to work toward his second doctoral degree in pharmaceutical science.

In Japan, in a first-class laboratory and heavy scientific environment, he saw a sharp contrast between an industrialized country and Nigeria. He said he believes some African scientists might be tempted to stay in a country like Japan to do research, while others want to raise the level of science in Africa by returning to their home country. In the end, he chose to bring his skills back to Nigeria.

Omotuyi gives E.S. Bogoro, executive secretary of Nigeria's Tertiary Education Trust Fund, a tour of the Institute for Drug Research and Development at Afe Babalola University.
Olaposi Omotuyi
Omotuyi gives E.S. Bogoro, executive secretary of Nigeria's Tertiary Education Trust
Fund, a tour of the Institute for Drug Research and Development at Afe Babalola
University.

The science was not the only thing that drew Omotuyi back. For him, being a tutor to undergraduate students first at Adekunle Ajasin University in Ondo State and now as a professor at the College of Pharmacy at Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, is “an absolute joy.”

“Not only being able to teach this experience, this knowledge to young people, but to be able to help them grow scientifically,” Omotuyi said. “I am really impressed at how they receive it.”

Few Nigerian scientists are able to translate their research into a product or policy that then is disseminated to a wide population in their country. Omotuyi said he has been fortunate in his networking and in the subject of his research to receive funding from the Afe Babalola University fund for translational research as well as garnering attention from other institutions for partnerships and funding. His lab now is studying both metabolic diseases and infectious diseases such as Ebola and COVID-19, which attracts government attention and resources.

An herbal drug called virudine developed in Omotuyi’s lab for the treatment of COVID-19 is undergoing independent investigation at the Nigerian Institute for Medical Research, and another repurposed drug for Lassa virus disease developed in partnership with the National Biotechnology Development Agency in Nigeria is being tested for proof-of-concept clinical trials by the NIMR.

Omotuyi teaches his students the importance of patriotism in their work. In countries like the United States, he sees that scientists apply research to their local environments and local problems, and these local solutions are accepted for international application. But African scientists end up doing research that benefits other countries instead of their own.

“African scientists who are exceptional at what they do are easily poachable,” Omotuyi said.

“The first point of science for me is that (my students) should solve local problems — and in solving them they should be innovative.”

Omotuyi said his favorite part of his work is getting to the biochemical details of how novel structures interact with macromolecules like proteins and nucleic acids, both during test tube experiments and in animal research models. But overall, the entire subject of biochemistry is what interests him.

“Science is something for me, like bread and drink, wake, sleep — everything,” he said. “Science, and nothing else.”

Omotuyi, who says he finds teaching "an absolute joy," instructs interns at Afe Babaloa University on the analysis of molecular dynamics simulation.
Olaposi Omotuyi
Omotuyi, who says he finds teaching "an absolute joy," instructs interns at Afe Babaloa University on the analysis of molecular dynamics simulation.

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Inayah Entzminger

Inayah Entzminger is a doctoral student at the Graduate Center, City University of New York, researching the positive RNA strand barley yellow dwarf virus.

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