Blotter

Protecting American science
and its international collaborators

Frank H. Wu discusses the foreign threats to research security in webinar
Sarina Neote
April 8, 2020

The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology hosted a webinar last month about research integrity, legal cases against scientists and foreign influences on federally funded research.

Jim Block
Frank H. Wu teaches law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law. In late March, he was named the next president of Queens College in New York.

Guest speaker Frank H. Wu, a distinguished professor at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, described how federal agencies that fund research, such as the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy, are changing their policies regarding international collaboration for scientists and how these changes will affect the scientific community.

Wu emphasized that scientists must engage with federal agencies and their academic institutions to advocate for policies and best practices that ensure the openness and collaborative nature of scientific research while protecting research security.

You can watch the webinar here. Below are three key points that Wu raised.

Legitimate threats exist

Since 2018, the NIH and the Federal Bureau of Investigation have undertaken hundreds of investigations of scientists accused of stealing biomedical research from institutions across the United States for other countries. In addition, 71 academic and research institutions are now investigating 189 cases of alleged theft of intellectual property and/or disclosure violations.

Wu said it’s important to acknowledge that intellectual property theft happens and is a legitimate threat.

For example, last year. James Patrick Lewis, a professor at West Virginia University, pleaded guilty to defrauding his public university by taking leave so that he could work for a Chinese institution, which he hid from his employer.

Learning from the past

But government overreach is real, too.

For example, Wu reviewed cases of two scientists accused of crimes by the U.S. government and, as a result, lost their jobs and/or federal grants, despite being cleared of the charges.

In 2014, the FBI accused Sherry Chen, a hydrologist working for the National Weather Service, of using a stolen password to download information about the nation’s dams from the NWS and of lying about meeting with high-ranking Chinese officials.

Five months after she was arrested, and one week before she was scheduled to go on trial, prosecutors dropped all charges without explanation. But as a result of the charges, Chen was suspended from her job without pay, and her family had to scramble for money to pay for her legal defense.

In 2015, the Justice Department accused Xiaoxing Xi, who was then chair of Temple University’s physics department, of giving Chinese researchers the blueprints for a sensitive piece of laboratory equipment known as a pocket heater.

The case collapsed a month later when leading physicists testified that the blueprints were not for a pocket heater after all; they were for a device that Xi invented and shared with Chinese researchers as part of normal academic collaboration. Xi was suspended from his job and was prohibited from entering the campus he worked at or speaking with students.

Chen was not reinstated at her job at the National Weather Service, and Xi lost his position as chair of the physics department at Temple.

Changing standards for scientists

Lastly, Wu talked about the changing policy environment and standards regarding international collaboration.

Ten years ago, he said, federal agencies were actively encouraging U.S. scientists to collaborate with foreign research institutions and scientists, especially those based in China. But that attitude has significantly changed since.

For example, the Department of Energy banned its employees and grant recipients from participating in China’s talent recruitment program, and it announced its intention to expand to whom this ban applies.

In 2018, the Department of Justice began the China Initiative, which “reflects the strategic priority of countering Chinese national security threats.” Through this initiative, the DOJ is focused on identifying and prosecuting those engaged in trade secret theft, hacking and economic espionage (including espionage relating to intellectual property and scientific research).

Federal agencies have changed the best practices and standards that guide scientific international collaboration but have done little to communicate that with the scientific community.

Stakeholder participation is needed

Wu concluded by underscoring the need for universities to work with faculty members on clear and consistent guidelines for disclosure and conflict of interest reporting. He recommended that institutions provide compliance training that incorporates culturally sensitive material to prevent stigmatization of foreign scientists.

He also urged scientists and scientific societies to engage with universities in discussions about these matters and to advocate for constructive changes to reporting and disclosure reporting requirements.

Watch the webinar. Read the ASBMB’s position statement on foreign influences and academic integrity.

Enjoy reading ASBMB Today?

Become a member to receive the print edition monthly and the digital edition weekly.

Learn more
Sarina Neote

Sarina Neote is ASBMB's director of public affairs.

Get the latest from ASBMB Today

Enter your email address, and we’ll send you a weekly email with recent articles, interviews and more.

Latest in Policy

Policy highlights or most popular articles

ASBMB meets with federal science agencies
Blotter

ASBMB meets with federal science agencies

June 24, 2022

Here’s what the Public Affairs Advisory Committee recommended and learned about new and existing funding programs, resources and more.

The NIH must address harassment
Blotter

The NIH must address harassment

June 22, 2022

The ASBMB sent a letter to appropriators urging them to adopt language requiring the agency to contend with harassment on intramural campus.

ASBMB releases DEAI statement
Announcement

ASBMB releases DEAI statement

June 16, 2022

"The society will uphold these core values of DEAI across all departments and committees — and support its members in their DEAI efforts at their respective institutions and out in the world," it says.

ASBMB endorses LGBTQ Data Inclusion Act
Blotter

ASBMB endorses LGBTQ Data Inclusion Act

June 15, 2022

Legislation would require collection of volunteered information about sexual orientation and gender identity in federal surveys.

ASBMB recommends boost to NIH base budget
Blotter

ASBMB recommends boost to NIH base budget

June 9, 2022

In testimony, the society also made the case for NIGMS funds and sustaining the COBRE and INBRE programs.

LGBT+ scientists face location limitations
Diversity

LGBT+ scientists face location limitations

June 7, 2022

“I feel like I do not have the freedom to choose where I go,” one scientist said. “To choose where I go, I would have to leave academic research.”