Nobel Prize winners

Emmanuelle Charpentier
Jennifer A. Doudna

2020

  • Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna

Emmanuelle Charpentier at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology and Jennifer A. Doudna at the University of California, Berkeley, won the 2020 Nobel Prize for chemistry for the development of the CRISPR-Cas9 method for genome editing.

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Gregg Semenza

2020

  • Charles Rice

Charles M. Rice at The Rockefeller University, Harvey Alter at National Institutes of Health and Michael Houghton at the University of Alberta won the 2020 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for the discovery of the hepatitis C virus.

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Gregg Semenza

2019

  • Gregg Semenza

Gregg L. Semenza at Johns Hopkins University, William G. Kaelin Jr. at the Dana–Farber Cancer Institute and Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe at Oxford University won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.

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Michael Young

2017

  • Michael W. Young

Michael W. Young at the Rockefeller University and Michael Rosbash and Jeffrey C. Hall at Brandeis University won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling circadian rhythm.

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Aziz Sancar
Tomas Lindahl
Paul Modrich

2015

  • Aziz Sancar, Tomas Lindahl and Paul L. Modrich

Aziz Sancar of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, with Tomas Lindahl at the Francis Crick Institute in London and Paul Modrich at Duke University School of Medicine, won the Nobel in chemistry for having mapped, at a molecular level, how cells repair damaged DNA and safeguard the genetic information.

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Satoshi Ōmura

2015

  • Satoshi Ōmura

Satoshi Ōmura of Kitasato University was one of three winners of the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine for their work on therapies for parasitic infections. Ōmura won half of the prize with William Campbell of Drew University for the discovery of avermectins, which have radically lowered the incidence of river blindness and lymphatic filariasis.

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Michael Levitt

2013

  • Michael Levitt

Michael Levitt of the Stanford University School of Medicine shared the Nobel prize for chemistry with Martin Karplus and Arieh Warshel for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems.

James Rothman
Randy Schekman
Thomas Südhof

2013

  • James Rothman, Randy Schekman and Thomas Südhof

James Rothman of Yale University, Randy Schekman at the University of California, Berkeley, and Thomas Südhof at Stanford University, shared the Nobel for physiology or medicine for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells.

Brian Kobilka
Robert Lefkowitz

2012

  • Brian K. Kobilka and Robert J. Lefkowitz

Brian K. Kobilka of the Stanford University School of Medicine and Robert J. Lefkowitz of Duke University Medical Center won the Nobel for chemistry for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors. Together, they helped explain how cells sense and react to chemical messages.

2009

  • Thomas A. Steitz
  • Carol W. Greider

2007

  • Mario Renato Capecchi

2006

  • Roger D. Kornberg

2004

  • Richard Axel

2003

  • Roderick MacKinnon
  • Peter Agre

2002

  • H. Robert Horvitz
  • Sydney Brenner
  • Paul Greengard

1999

  • Günter Blobel

1998

  • Louis J. Ignarro
  • Robert F. Furchgott

1997

  • Stanley B. Prusiner
  • Paul D. Boyer

1994

  • Martin Rodbell
  • Alfred G. Gilman

1993

  • Michael Smith
  • Phillip A. Sharp
  • Richard J. Roberts

1992

  • Edwin G. Krebs
  • Edmond H. Fischer

1989

  • Harold E. Varmus
  • Thomas R. Cech
  • J. Michael Bishop
  • Sidney Altman

1988

  • Robert Huber
  • George H. Hitchings
  • Gertrude B. Elion

1986

  • Stanley Cohen

1985

  • Joseph L. Goldstein
  • Michael S. Brown

1984

  • R. Bruce Merrifield

1982

  • Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson
  • Sune Bergström

1980

  • Walter Gilbert
  • Paul Berg

1978

  • Hamilton O. Smith
  • Daniel Nathans

1977

  • Andrew V. Schally

1976

  • William N. Lipscomb Jr.

1975

  • Vladimir Prelog
  • David Baltimore

1974

  • Christian René de Duve

1972

  • William H. Stein
  • Rodney R. Porter
  • Stanford Moore
  • Gerald M. Edelman
  • Christian B. Anfinsen

1971

  • Earl W. Sutherland

1970

  • Luis F. Leloir
  • Julius Axelrod

1969

  • Salvador E. Luria

1968

  • Marshall W. Nirenberg
  • Har Gobind Khorana
  • Robert W. Holley

1967

  • George Wald
  • Manfred Eigen
  • Jacques L. Monod

1965

  • André M. Lwoff

1964

  • Feodor Lynen
  • Dorothy C. Hodgkin
  • Konrad E. Bloch

1962

  • Maurice H. F. Wilkins
  • James D. Watson
  • Max F. Perutz
  • John C. Kendrew
  • Francis H. C. Crick

1961

  • Melvin Calvin

1959

  • Severo Ochoa
  • Arthur Kornberg

1958

  • Edward L. Tatum
  • Frederick Sanger
  • Joshua Lederberg

1957

  • Alexander Todd

1955

  • Hugo Theorell
  • Vincent du Vigneaud
  • Fitz A. Lipmann

1953

  • Hans A. Krebs

1952

  • Richard L. M. Synge
  • Archer J. P. Martin

1950

  • Tadeus Reichstein
  • Edward C. Kendall

1948

  • Arne W. K. Tiselius

1947

  • Gerty T. Cori
  • Carl F. Cori

1946

  • James B. Sumner
  • Wendell M. Stanley
  • John H. Northrop

1945

  • Artturi I. Virtanen

1943

  • Edward A. Doisy Sr.
  • Henrik Dam

1939

  • Leopold Ruzicka

1931

  • Otto H. Warburg

1926

  • Theodor Svedberg

1922

  • Otto Meyerhof