Education

Skills

The learning goals below are categorized as introductory A, intermediate B and upper C.

1. Process of science skills

The process of science combines creative ideas, experimentation and data analysis. Scientists develop a hypothesis and design and conduct appropriate experiments. Experimental results are analyzed and data interpreted using appropriate quantitative modeling and simulation tools.

Associated learning goals

  • Students should be able to accurately prepare and use reagents and perform the required experiments. A
  • When presented with an observation, students should be able to develop a testable and falsifiable hypothesis. B
  • When provided with a hypothesis, students should be able to identify the appropriate experimental observations and controllable variables. C
  • Students should be able to determine averages and standard deviations to relate the significance of experimentally obtained data. A
  • Students should be able to use appropriate equations to analyze experimental data and obtain parameters. B
  • Students should be able to use equations and models to predict outcomes of experiments. C

2. Accessing, comprehending and communicating science

Scientists access, assess and use available information and present data in appropriate contexts in a variety of ways at different levels.

Associated learning goals

  • Students should be able to identify, locate and use the primary literature. A
  • Students should be able to use databases and bioinformatics tools. B
  • Students, when provided with appropriate background information, should be able to identify consistencies and inconsistencies. C
  • Students should be able to explain the big picture aspects of current challenges in the molecular life sciences. A
  • Students should be able to use visual and verbal tools to explain concepts and data. B
  • Students should be able to translate science into everyday examples. C

3. Community of practice

Science is interdisciplinary and relies on collaboration, effective teamwork, safety and ethical practices.

Associated learning goals

  • Students should explain the importance of and keep an accurate laboratory notebook. A
  • Given a case study, students should be able to identify both scientific and societal ethical aspects. B
  • Students should be able to explain cross-disciplinary concepts such as modularity, energy, modeling scientific phenomena, change over time and the differences between stochastic and deterministic phenomena.C
  • Students should be able to access and interpret safety information and conduct lab work safely and ethically. A
  • Students should be able to give and take directions to be an effective team member. B