SKILLS: Discovery requires objective measurement, quantitative analysis and clear communication.

The learning goals below are categorized as introductory {A}, intermediate {B} and upper {C}.

1. Process of science skills

The process of science combines creative ideas, experimentation and data analysis. Scientists develop a hypothesis and design and conduct appropriate experiments. Experimental results are analyzed and data interpreted using appropriate quantitative modeling and simulation tools.

Associated learning goals
• Students should be able to accurately prepare and use reagents and perform the required experiments. {A}
• When presented with an observation, students should be able to develop a testable and falsifiable hypothesis. {B}
• When provided with a hypothesis, students should be able to identify the appropriate experimental observations and controllable variables. {C}
• Students should be able to determine averages and standard deviations to relate the significance of experimentally obtained data. {A}
• Students should be able to use appropriate equations to analyze experimental data and obtain parameters. {B}
• Students should be able to use equations and models to predict outcomes of experiments. {C}


2. Accessing, comprehending and communicating science

Scientists access, assess and use available information and present data in appropriate contexts in a variety of ways at different levels.

 
Associated learning goals
• Students should be able to identify, locate and use the primary literature. {A}
• Students should be able to use databases and bioinformatics tools. {B}
• Students, when provided with appropriate background information, should be able to identify consistencies and inconsistencies. {C}
• Students should be able to explain the big picture aspects of current challenges in the molecular life sciences. {A}
• Students should be able to use visual and verbal tools to explain concepts and data. {B}
• Students should be able to translate science into everyday examples. {C}
 
 
3. Community of practice
Science is interdisciplinary and relies on collaboration, effective teamwork, safety and ethical practices.

Associated learning goals
• Students should explain the importance of and keep an accurate laboratory notebook. {A}
• Given a case study, students should be able to identify both scientific and societal ethical aspects. {B}
• Students should be able to explain cross-disciplinary concepts such as modularity, energy, modeling scientific phenomena, change over time and the differences between stochastic and deterministic phenomena.{C}
• Students should be able to access and interpret safety information and conduct lab work safely and ethically. {A}
• Students should be able to give and take directions to be an effective team member. {B}