Retrospectives

 

2013

Wm Wallace Cleland (1930 – 2013)
"Mo" Cleland made influential contributions to enzymology throughout his career. His most widely cited work brought order into the field of multisubstrate steady-state enzyme kinetics.
Kuan-Teh Jeang (1958 – 2013)
Know to friends and colleagues as “Teh,” Jeang was a gifted scientist for whom the scientific community had much respect and affection. He worked at the National Institutes of Health for 27 years and at the time of his death was chief of the Molecular Virology Section in the Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology.
 

2012

Robert J. Cotter (1943 – 2012)
Bob Cotter was not only a pioneer in the development of mass spectrometry and its application to difficult biological problems, but also he was an outstanding teacher, scholar and citizen of the larger scientific community as well as a fantastic resource and colleague for the Johns Hopkins University community.
Charles Crawford Sweeley Jr. (1930 – 2012)
Chuck Sweeley Jr.  made major contributions to the fields of sphingolipids and mass spectrometry.
George F. Cahill Jr. (1927 – 2012)
George F. Cahill Jr. is remembered as "one of the most imaginative scientists ever to have graced the field of metabolism."
Annemarie Weber (1923 – 2012)
Annemarie Weber was a major contributor to the renaissance of muscle biology research in the 1950s to 1970s, when the components of the contractile machinery were identified; novel views of muscle contraction and regulation were elucidated; and principles of energy transduction, motility and intracellular signaling common to all cells were revealed.
 

2011

Paul M. Doty (1920 – 2011)
With the passing of Paul Doty, the science of biological macromolecules lost one of its great pioneers. Even as he coordinated the research activities of his large laboratory, Doty managed to focus on his other passion, the bringing together of scientists from both sides of the Iron Curtain to assure that atomic war would not occur.
Quentin H. Gibson (1918 – 2011)
Quentin H. Gibson was best known for his pioneering work on the kinetics of ligand binding to hemoglobins and the development of stopped-flow and flash photolysis instruments.
Har Gobind Khorana (1922 – 2011)
Har Gobind Khorana pioneered the interface of biology and chemistry long before the topic became popular. His contributions spanned peptides and proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and membranes.
William Nunn Lipscomb Jr. (1919 – 2011)
William Nunn Lipscomb Jr. won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1976 for work on chemical bonding.
Masayasu Nomura (1927 – 2011)
Masayasu Nomura was a pioneer in ribosome research, a brilliant experimentalist, and a mentor to two generations of graduate students and postdocs who have been outstanding contributors to the life sciences.
Chris Raetz (1946 – 2011)
"With Chris Raetz’s passing, the scientific world lost a polymath, and I lost my oldest friend," writes William T. Wickner in his tribute. "We met as freshmen at Yale University, two very nerdy chemistry majors yearning to excel and to get a date."
Saul Roseman (1921 – 2011)
Saul Roseman, during his career in science of nearly 70 years, had profound effects on the field of glycobiology and on our understanding of bacterial sugar transport.
Nathan Sharon (1925 – 2011)
Nathan Sharon was a lifelong ambassador for science and an accomplished glycoscientist.
Héctor Norberto Torres (1935 – 2011)
Héctor Norberto Torres was a professor emeritus at the University of Buenos Aires and founding director of Argentina’s Institute for Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering.
 

2010

Dale J. Benos (1950 - 2010)
Dale Benos, a Journal of Biological Chemistry associate editor, served as chairman of the University of Alabama at Birmingham physiology and biophysics department and was an esteemed colleague and dear friend to many.
Gary M. Bokoch (1954–2010)
Gary M. Bokoch was a seminal figure in GTPase biology— for his discoveries, for founding meetings that put the young field on the map, for the impact he had on his colleagues and for the many young scientists that will tell stories about both his tangible and intangible support..
Britton Chance (1913 – 2010)
Molecular biologist Britton Chance's multifaceted research advanced the understanding of biology, instrumentation and medicine.
Eugene Goldwasser (1922 – 2010)
Generally regarded as the father of erythropoietin, Eugene Goldwasser led the team that succeeded, after 25 years of effort, in purifying first sheep and then human erythropoietin, a discovery that has enabled millions of dialysis and anemic patients to live longer and more productive lives.
Leon A. Heppel (1912 – 2010)
Leon A. Heppel carried out pioneering work in the areas of physiology and nucleic acid biochemistry.
Bernard L. Horecker (1914 – 2010)
A former ASBMB president, Bernard Leonard Horecker was well know for his contributions to elucidating the pentose phosphate pathway.
Harvey Itano (1920 – 2010)
Harvey Akio Itano, a University of California, San Diego, emeritus professor of pathology, was best known for his work, with Linus Pauling, on the molecular basis of sickle cell anemia.
Henry A. Lardy (1917 – 2010)
Henry Arnold Lardy, past president of the ASBMB, lead a research group that was made important contributions to a wide swath of enzymology and metabolism.
Marshall Nirenberg (1927 – 2010)
Marshall Warren Nirenberg was the first federal employee to win a Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, sharing the honor in 1968 with Har Gobind Khorana and Robert W. Holley “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.”
Bert Lester Vallee (1919 – 2010)
Bert Lester Vallee, professor emeritus at Harvard Medical School, was especially well known for his identification of zinc in various metalloproteins and enzymes and was considered by many to be the “father of metallobiochemistry.”
 

2009

Mildred Cohn (1913 – 2009)
Mildred Cohn was the first female president of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the first woman appointed to the Journal of Biological Chemistry editorial board.
Richard I. Gumport (1937–2009)
Richard I. (Dick) Gumport devoted his research career to the study of enzymes that act on nucleic acid substrates and to the characterization of biologically important protein-nucleic acid interactions. Moreover, he contributed generously to his profession through his service as a journal editor, as an educator and administrator and through his commitment to the promotion of international scientific cooperation.
Mahlon Hoagland (1921–2009)
Mahlon Hoagland contributed two seminal discoveries to the field of gene information flow. Working in a group headed by Paul Zamecnik at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Mahlon revealed the enzymatic activation of amino acids at their carboxyl termini by the formation of acyl anhydrides with adenylate and co-discovered, with Zamecnik, transfer RNA.
Seymour Kaufman (1924 – 2009)
Seymour Kaufman, a scientist emeritus and former chief of the laboratory of neurochemistry at the National Institute of Mental Health, was renowned for his contributions toward the characterizations of the partial reactions in processes catalyzed by mixed function oxidases, particularly those involved in the hydroxylation of aromatic amino acids.
Edwin G. Krebs (1918 – 2009)
Edwin G. Krebs' discovery of protein phosphorylation as a regulatory mechanism (with Edmond Fischer) touched all aspects of biomedical science and profoundly influenced therapeutic approaches now widely used in clinical care.
Philip Siekevitz (1918 – 2009)
Philip Siekevitz was a pioneer in cell biology and a professor emeritus at The Rockefeller University.
Charles Tanford (1921 – 2009)
Charles Tanford was one of the leaders of that remarkable generation of physical chemists who were drawn to biology in the decade after World War II. Their incursion into biochemistry tilted the emphasis quite abruptly, away from metabolic processes and toward the structure and thermodynamics of macromolecules. From this sprang the effulgent new discipline of molecular biology, viewed with mistrust by many biochemists, for it was, in the words of Erwin Chargaff, no more than “biochemistry practiced without a license.”
Paul C. Zamecnik (1912 – 2009)
Paul C. Zamecnik, senior scientist at Massachusetts General Hospital and professor emeritus of oncologic medicine at Harvard Medical School, was among the most important biochemical scientists of the 20th century.
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