Matter and Energy Transformation

Metabolism.  Image by Zephyris.  Licensed: GFDL.  Source: 

  1. The many forms of energy involved in biological processes

  2. Catalysis
    Students should be able to apply their knowledge of basic chemical thermodynamics to biologically catalyze systems, quantitatively model how these reactions occur, and calculate kinetic parameters from experimental data.

  3. Coupling exergonic and endergonic processes
    Students should be able to discuss the concepts of Gibbs free energy, and how to apply it to chemical transformations, be able to identify which steps of metabolic pathways are exergonic and which are endergonic and relate the energetics of the reactions to each other.

  4. The nature of biological energy
    Students should be able to show how reactions that proceed with large negative changes in free energy can be used to render other biochemical processes more favorable.