ASBMB Nobel Prize Winners

1950 – Edward C. Kendall

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Kendall

Edward Calvin Kendall (1886-1972) was awarded one third of the 1950 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for research on the structure and biological effects of adrenal cortex hormones.  He isolated and identified a series of compounds from the adrenal gland cortex, prepared cortisone by partial synthesis, and investigated the effects of cortisone and of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) on rheumatoid arthritis. Kendall also isolated thyroxine from the thyroid gland and crystallized glutathione and determined its structure.