ASBMB Nobel Prize Winners

1937 – Albert Szent-Gyorgyi

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Szent-Gyorgyi

Albert Szent-Gyorgyi (1893-1986) was awarded the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, especially the role of vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid. He noted the anti-scorbutic activity of ascorbic acid and discovered that paprika (Capsicum annuum) was a rich source of vitamin C. His research on biological oxidation led to the recognition of the catalytic function of the C4-dicarboxylic acids, the discovery of “cytoflav” (flavin) and a recognition of the biological activity and probable vitamin nature of flavanone (vitamin P). Also, his work on muscle tissues helped him discover the actin and myosin complex, together with the fundamental ATP-driven reactions of muscle contraction.