The 2010 Avanti Award in Lipids, which recognizes outstanding research contributions in the area of lipid research, has been awarded to David W. Russell, the Eugene McDermott distinguished chair of molecular genetics at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.
Russell will present an award lecture, titled “Oxysterols: Cholesterol Metabolites of Diverse Function in Mice and Men,” at 2:15 p.m. Sunday, April 25, at the 2010 annual meeting in Anaheim, Calif.
Russell received his bachelor’s degree in biology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1975 and a doctorate in chemistry from the University of North Carolina in 1980, where he studied in the laboratory of Linda Spremulli. He then moved on to the University of British Columbia as a Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation postdoctoral fellow, working with Nobel laureate Michael Smith before joining the faculty at UT-Southwestern in 1982.
Shortly after arriving at UT-Southwestern, Russell began a collaborative effort with another pair of Nobel laureates, Michael S. Brown and Joseph L. Goldstein. Together, the trio successfully cloned the gene for the recently-purified low-density lipoprotein receptor and characterized the receptor’s functional domains, which helped them elucidate the molecular basis of familial hypercholesterolemia, one of the most common human genetic disorders.
After that, Russell decided to move away from the cholesterol receptor and focus more on the cholesterol itself. Over the next several years, Russell emerged as a scientific leader in elucidating the enzymatic pathways responsible for the metabolic breakdown of cholesterol into other components, such as sterol hormones, vitamins and bile acids. Through a combination of basic biochemical studies and genetic analyses knocking out individual genes involved in cholesterol metabolism, Russell’s laboratory has determined the precise role of each enzyme in the cholesterol degradation pathway.