Budding artist

Trimmed leaves under tiles give off new tissue in “Growth Pattern”
Kudla's art melds natural and artificial processes. ALL PHOTOS COURTESY OF ALLISON KUDLA

Allison Kudla is an installation artist who has been devoted to painting and drawing since she was a teenager. While working toward a Ph.D. in art, an exercise in using computer algorithms to bring still pictures to life led to a revelation. The natural world must have its own algorithms, Kudla thought, parallel “operating systems” that animate life.

Hooked on exploring this concept, Kudla began pursuing projects that create an interplay between natural systems, scientific techniques and futuristic technology. Now it’s her calling card. She makes art that blurs the barriers between what’s natural and what’s artificial.

Blurring barriers

One of Kudla’s early projects exploits phototropism, the ability of a plant to orient itself toward or away from a source of light. In “The Search for Luminosity” Kudla employs a collection of phototropic plants to surround a machine containing a light source and a sensor. On first glance, the plants seem to open and close their leaves in relation to available light — the leaves flap open when the light source hovers above them. But Kudla has in fact manipulated each plant in the installation to expect the source at a certain time. When its leaves start to move in anticipation of the light, the machine’s sensor notes the movement and sends the source over to bathe the plant in light. Kudla has, in effect, reoriented the sequence that would occur naturally between a plant and the sun by programming the light to intensify in relation to the plant’s movements, instead of the other way around.

Wet labs in art school

Kudla describes a National Academy of Sciences conference that she attended recently to which artists and designers had been invited for the first time. “I met a lot of artists who were working on setting up wet labs in their art schools, and I also met scientists who are interested in seeing the creative thinking that artists can bring to problems. With the addition of arts, suddenly things became more focused on what we’re doing — larger questions about how human culture is evolving and what we want to do in this world, as opposed to how to incrementally move forward a specific technology.”

Kudla earned her doctorate from an innovative program known as Digital Arts and Experimental Media at the University of Washington. During her time at UW, she had many resources at her disposal, including access to lab equipment and a diverse array of scientists, which allowed her to experiment and flourish.

“I didn’t have a very validating relationship with science and math when I was younger, and it took approaching those disciplines from an artistic perspective for me to figure out how to find some passion or motivation within those fields,” she says.

The arts and sciences both rely on curiosity for invention, and Kudla feels that a strict allegiance to either field is less important than this shared sense of curiosity. “I think that what should be cultivated is curiosity and the ability to find interest in things and pursue them wherever they lead, from whatever perspective the individual has.”

Living systems on display

Kudla’s creative unpacking of living systems is on display in her best-known work, “Capacity.” For this work, she uses a 3-D printer to create a living fractal with a pattern that mimics both an aerial view of the growth of cities and a microscopic look at the growth of cells. The printer deposits algae and seeds that are contained in a clear gel growth medium into a sealed case. As time passes, the deposited life sprouts, and what should be a still, printed object becomes a living, changing form.

For “Growth Pattern,” a more recent work, Kudla uses hormones to stimulate plant leaves to give off new growth, taking advantage of their totipotency. Totipotency is the ability of a plant cell to differentiate into any kind of cell that’s needed for the plant’s growth. These leaf cells are treated with hormones that allow them to give off new leaf tissue.

First cut into abstract representations of flora, the leaves in “Growth Pattern” are then suspended in square tiles containing water and nutrients. Over time, some of these sterilized tiles are invaded by fungus and bacteria. This process of growth and decay remains on display and is tracked photographically over the course of several weeks.

 Oxalis plants interact with light in “The Search for Luminosity”

Working the system

Because all of Kudla’s work incorporates live materials, it is impermanent and must be continually set up and broken down. While this quality makes her work unique, it also makes it difficult to support herself through sales. Until recently, Kudla relied on residencies to keep herself afloat.

She recently moved to the Institute for Systems Biology, a nonprofit organization for experimental life sciences research, where she works in their visual design department. The ISB focuses on the idea of consilience — as Kudla puts it, “the merging of disciplines to solve complex problems” — which makes it an appropriate place for someone with her background.

“Systems biology values the integration of biological systems across all scales, from the molecular and cellular to the organism and its environment,” she says. “There is an important need to look at those scales and not become fixated on any one aspect of that multiscale system, but look at the interactions in that system.”

Kudla is committed to giving artistic perspectives on science a more prominent place at the ISB. She also advocates for alternative modes of education that allow for a more hands-on and creative introduction to science early on.

Kudla believes the arts and sciences have much to learn from one another. “In art, the language of praise for what makes an artwork successful is less clear than it is in science, which allows art to explore realms that could potentially be, not necessarily more innovative, but more creative,” she says.

She hopes that her work both will inspire others to follow in her footsteps and will help create more opportunities for people who are talented at merging disciplines.

“If the humanities and technical fields were not so obviously separated,” she says, “then perhaps somebody who has a more humanistic perspective on things would learn math or science from their unique perspective and create something entirely unexpected.”

Alexandra Taylor Alexandra Taylor is a staff science writer at ASBMB Today and a master’s candidate in science and medical writing at Johns Hopkins University.