Cravatt lauded as ‘gem of the scientific community’
for his work on activity-based protein profiling
I am tremendously honored to receive
the 2014 ASBMB-Merck Award,
which is a tribute to the many
talented and hardworking graduate
students, postdoctoral fellows and
collaborators with whom I have had
the pleasure of working during my
career at TSRI.
Benjamin Cravatt of The Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, Calif., has been named the winner of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology/Merck Award.
Cravatt, professor and chair of the chemical physiology department at Scripps, received this award based on his groundbreaking contributions to the development and application of post-genomic methods for the functional annotation of mammalian enzymes. “Cravatt pioneered the use of the now widely practiced activity-based protein profiling technology, which utilizes site-directed chemical probes to profile active enzymes in complex proteomes,” said Chaitan Khosla of Stanford University, who nominated Cravatt for the award.
Most proteomic technologies measure protein abundance and therefore provide only an indirect estimate of protein activity. Cravatt’s work has led to the development of a chemical strategy to profile the functional state of enzymes through the development of active site directed probes, known as activity-based protein profiling, or ABPP.
During his graduate work, Cravatt discovered fatty acid amide hydrolase, or FAAH, an endocannabinoid-matabolizing enzyme. ABPP revealed important roles for endocannabinoid-metabolizing enzymes in pain, inflammation and neuropsychiatric disorders. In collaboration with the pharmaceutical company Pfizer, a highly potent and selective FAAH inhibitor was developed and today is in human clinical trials. This FAAH inhibitor represents a potential new class of analgesics and a novel treatment for nervous system disorders.
James Wells of the University of California, San Diego, describes Cravatt as “a star at the chemistry-biology interface and a worthy recipient of this important award.”
Cravatt attended Stanford University, earning a B.A. in history and a B.S. in biological sciences. He then pursued a Ph.D. at The Scripps Research Institute under the mentorship of Dale Boger and Richard Lerner. At Scripps, he became an assistant professor in 1996 and rose through the ranks to become professor and chair in 2007.
“His love of science is overflowing and contagious. If you haven’t had the chance to hear him speak about his work, there’s nothing I’d recommend more highly,” says Daniel Herschlag of Stanford University.
Cravatt will receive his award at the Experimental Biology 2014 conference in San Diego. He will present his award lecture at 2:55 p.m. Tuesday, April 29, in Room 6A of the San Diego Convention Center.
Mark Stewart (firstname.lastname@example.org
) is a Ph.D. student in the University
of Alabama at Birmingham’s cancer biology program and works in the pathology department.