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Biological Information

 Ribozyme 

Hammerhead Ribozyme. Image by William G. Scott. Licensed: GFDL.  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Full_length_hammerhead_ribozyme.png 

  1. The genome
    Students should be able to define what a genome consists of, and how the information in the various genes and other sequence classes within each genome are used to store and express genetic information.

  2. Information in the gene: nucleotide sequence to biological function
    Students should be able to explain the central dogma of biology and relate the commonality of the process to all of life.

  3. Genome transmission from one generation to the next
    Students should be able to illustrate how DNA is replicated and genes are transmitted from one generation to the next in multiple types of organisms including bacteria, eukaryotes, viruses, and retroviruses.  

  4. Genome maintenance
    Students should be able to state how the cell ensures high fidelity DNA replication and identify instances where the cell employs mechanism for damage repair.